Where is Mycobacterium Marinum found?
Mycobacterium marinum is an atypical Mycobacterium species found in cold or warm, fresh or salted water. M marinum infection occurs following skin and soft-tissue injuries that are exposed to an aquatic environment or marine animals.
How common is Mycobacterium Marinum?
How common is Mycobacterium marinum? Although rare, infections can occur worldwide, most commonly in individuals with occupational and recreational exposure to fresh or saltwater. In the United States, infections caused by M. marinum are rare.
How can you prevent Mycobacterium Marinum?
- Minimize or eliminate exposure to fresh or salt water when open cuts, scrapes or abrasions exist on the skin.
- Be sure to cover any open cuts, scrapes or abrasions, and wear heavy or waterproof gloves when cleaning fish, fish tanks or equipment.
How do you identify Mycobacterium Marinum?
Diagnosis is essentially made through histological examination and culture. The laboratory staff should always be notified that M. marinum is suspected, so that Lowenstein-Jensen agar cultures at 28°-32°C, besides those at 37°C, are prepared. The material should be left 6 weeks in the agar.
What disease is caused by Mycobacterium marinum?
The infection by Mycobacterium marinum in humans – also known as aquarium granuloma, swimming pool granuloma or fish tank granuloma  – is an uncommon disease that mainly affects the skin, usually with a chronic, indolent and benign evolution .
How do you treat atypical mycobacterial infection?
Treatment options include clarithromycin or azithromycin, with the addition of amikacin, cefoxitin, or imipenem for serious and complicated infections.
What can Mycobacterium marinum cause?
Mycobacterium marinum is a non-tuberculous mycobacterium that causes a tuberculosis-like illness in fish and can infect humans when injured skin is exposed to a contaminated aqueous environment.
How do you treat Gram-positive mycobacteria?
The lipoglycopeptide dalbavancin is a long-acting agent for treating acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections caused by a broad range of Gram-positive pathogens. Recent studies have shown promising activity of dalbavancin against Gram-positive biofilms, including methicillin-resistant S.
How long does it take to cure Mycobacterium?
The recommended duration of therapy for skin and soft-tissue infection is usually 2 – 4 months for mild disease and 6 months for severe disease, while treatment of musculoskeletal NTM disease usually requires at least 6 – 12 months.
What antibiotics cover Mycobacterium?
The drugs used most often for treatment of Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infection include a macrolide (eg, clarithromycin, azithromycin), ethambutol, and a rifamycin (eg, rifabutin, rifampin). Clarithromycin or azithromycin in combination with ethambutol and rifabutin are the first-choice drugs.
Is Mycobacterium marinum Gram-positive or negative?
Mycobacterium marinum M
|Names||Mycobacterium marinum M|
|Number of replicons||2|
|Gram staining properties||Positive|
How do you get a mycobacterial infection?
You may develop a nontuberculous mycobacterial infection if you drink contaminated water. Bacteria can also enter the body through a break in the skin, such as a puncture wound that gets contaminated with water or soil. Inhaling the bacteria also puts you at risk for infection.