What was the layout of the trenches in WW1?
Trench Layout They were constructed in parallel lines, with troops in front-line trenches around 1km away from the enemy front line, and second line support trenches behind the front line with reserve trenches behind the second line trenches.
What are the parts of a trench?
Frontline trenches were usually about seven feet deep and six feet wide. The front of the trench was known as the parapet. The top two or three feet of the parapet and the parados (the rear side of the trench) would consist of a thick line of sandbags to absorb any bullets or shell fragments.
What were the 4 types of trenches in WW1?
Front-line Trench. This type of trench was also known as the firing-and-attack trench.
What were the 3 trenches called in WW1?
There were three different types of trenches: firing trenches, lined on the side facing the enemy by steps where defending soldiers would stand to fire machine guns and throw grenades at the advancing offense; communication trenches; and “saps,” shallower positions that extended into no-man’s-land and afforded spots …
How were the trenches arranged?
The trenches weren’t dug in one long straight line, but were built as more of a system of trenches. They were dug in a zigzag pattern and there were many levels of trenches along the lines with paths dug so soldiers could travel between the levels. Soldiers generally rotated through three stages of the front.
What did a trench smell like?
Trenches would also smell of creosol or chloride of lime, used to stave off the constant threat of disease and infection. Add to this the smell of the lingering odor of poison gas, rotting sandbags, stagnant mud, cigarette smoke and cooking food. Rats thrived in the millions among trenches during WWI.
What killed most men in the trenches?
With the development of trench warfare, increasingly large artillery was developed to fire high explosive shells and smash enemy trenches, like this battery of 9.2 inch howitzers. The majority of casualties on the Western Front were caused by artillery shells, explosions and shrapnel.
What were trenches like 3 facts?
Top 10 Facts about The Trenches
- Trench warfare was started by the Germans in The First World War.
- There was 2,490 kilometres of trench lines dug during the First World War.
- Most trenches were between 1-2 metres wide and 3 metres deep.
- Trenches weren’t dug in straight lines.
What was the cause of the smell in the trenches?
Stinking mud mingled with rotting corpses, lingering gas, open latrines, wet clothes and unwashed bodies to produce an overpowering stench. The main latrines were located behind the lines, but front-line soldiers had to dig small waste pits in their own trenches.
How did soldiers go to the toilet in the trenches?
They also had dug outs, for rest, and latrines. These latrines were trench toilets. They were usually pits dug into the ground between 1.2 metres and 1.5 metres deep. Two people who were called sanitary personnel had the job of keeping the latrines in good condition for each company.
How were dogs used in the trenches?
The canines carried aid to the wounded, took messages between the lines and sniffed out enemy soldiers. Their roles were deemed so important that in the early months of 1917 the War Office formed the War Dog School of Instruction in Hampshire to train them. They were also used for pulling machine guns and equipment.