What is Nano Diamond radiology?
Nanodiamonds are of interest as nontoxic substrates for targeted drug delivery and as highly biostable fluorescent markers for cellular tracking. Beyond optical techniques, however, options for noninvasive imaging of nanodiamonds in vivo are severely limited.
Is Nanodiamond a nanomaterial?
With the swift expansion in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology, nanomaterials based on carbon have been a centre of attention ever since their innovation. Carbon-based nanomaterials include fullerene, carbon nanotubes, nanodiamonds and graphene.
How many atoms are in a nanodiamond?
The structure of the investigated nanodiamond consists of 18 C atoms and 24 H atoms located in the cubic cell. The structure is called as II. In this paper we present quantum chemical investigations on structure and stability of the smallest diamondoids with defects.
What is Nanodiamond used for?
Nanodiamonds can be used as antimicrobial agents due to some of their properties including size, shape, and biocompatibility, which make them highly suitable for the development of efficient and tailored nanotherapies, including vaccines or drug delivery systems.
How big is a Nanodiamond?
Nanodiamonds are carbon nanoparticles with truncated octahedral architecture that are about 2–8nm in diameter and can deliver a wide range of therapeutics, including small molecules, proteins, and nucleic acids (Zhang et al., 2009b, Chen et al., 2009).
How are nano diamonds made?
Currently, nanodiamonds are made by detonating an explosive in a reactor vessel to provide heat and pressure. The diamond particles must then be removed and purified from contaminating elements massed around them. The process is quick and cheap but the nanodiamonds aggregate and are of varying size and purity.
What are nano diamonds used for?
Illustration of several schemes for the surface functionalization of nanodiamonds. NDs can be used in various sectors including medical and non-medical. These are widely used as vehicle for drug delivery, in bio-imaging and cell tracking, skin care and hair implants, dental care, and many more.
What is Nano Diamond used for?
Nanodiamond is typically used in specialty coatings, lapping and polishing applications, and as an additive in polymer processing. Nanodiamond material has widely been used as an additive to lubricating oils to reduce friction between moving parts to increase utility.