What does ad medium filum mean?
up to the middle line
The words ad medium filum are Latin and literally mean “up to the middle line”. The ad medium filum presumption is generally considered strong and applies notwithstanding the fact that conveyances and/or transfers of the site refer to a plan that seemingly excludes the highway.
What is ad medium filum aquae?
At common law, where the boundary between A’s land and B’s land is a road, there is a presumption that, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, each owns the road up to an imaginary line or thread drawn along the centre of the road; the respective ownership of A and B is said to be “ad medium filum viae”. (
Who owns adopted road?
Road adoption is a term used to describe the council taking ownership of a ‘private street’. A ‘private street’ is a road that is maintained at private expense.
What is Highwayland?
Highways are areas of land over which the public at large has rights of way. Highways may be maintained by local highway authorities at public expense. However, where land is highway, it is not necessarily owned by the relevant highway authority.
How long before a boundary becomes permanent?
This is a complex area and the law changed in 2003 but, in summary, if a neighbouring owner can prove the right sort of continuous and exclusive possession of the land for long enough (12 or 10 years depending upon the period in question) they may have acquired, or be entitled to acquire, title to the land, even if it …
How are boundaries marked on deeds?
Physical boundaries are identified on the ground and on maps and deeds by using physical features such as fences, walls, ditches, rivers, hedges, etc. Unlike a hypothetical line such features, in actuality, have thickness.
How wide is a boundary line?
2.1 Legal boundary An imaginary or invisible line dividing one person’s property from that of another. It is an exact line having no thickness or width and is rarely identified with any precision either on the ground or in conveyances or transfers and is not shown on Ordnance Survey mapping.
What is a stopping up order?
The term ‘stopping up’ means that once such an order is made, the highway land will cease to be a highway, road or footpath. Stopping up orders are often made because the public highway is no longer necessary or to allow development to take place.
How do I find out who owns a road UK?
You can check HM Land Registry for details of property ownership throughout the UK….Contents
- Highways England Company Limited.
- the Secretary of State for Transport.
- predecessors of this role for example the Secretary of State for the Environment or the Minister for Buildings and Public Works.
Who owns the grass verge outside my property?
This means that the local authority maintain the surface of the paving, grass verge and road, but so far as ownership of the sub-surface is concerned the owner of the abutting house or land (called the “frontager”} is in actuality the owner of it.
Is there a time limit on boundary disputes UK?
If all else fails, and you decide to take legal action about the boundary, please note that there is normally a strict time limit of 12 years within which action can be taken. This is a complex issue and specific advice should be sought from a solicitor.
How do I find my exact property boundaries UK?
If you want to check if we have any boundary information, you can get a copy of the title register, title plan, and any ‘filed’ deeds we have for your own property and your neighbour’s property.
What is a Section 38?
A Section 38 agreement (or S38) is a section of the Highways Act 1980 that can be used when a developer proposes to construct a new estate road for residential, industrial or general purpose traffic that may be offered to the Highway Authority for adoption as a public highway.
What is a section 278 agreement?
A section 278 agreement (or s278) is a section of the Highways Act 1980 that allows developers to enter into a legal agreement with the council (in our capacity as the Highway Authority) to make permanent alterations or improvements to a public highway, as part of a planning approval.