What are the 5 effects of oil spills?
These toxic compounds can cause severe health problems like heart damage, stunted growth, immune system effects, and even death. Our understanding of oil toxicity has expanded by studying the effects of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.
What was the reason for oil spill near Mumbai in 2010?
Published: Friday 27 August 2010. Two cargo ships collided off the Mumbai coast on August 7 causing an oil spill that spread quickly through Maharashtra’s coastline. MSC Chitra ruptured its tank when it hit incoming MV Khalijia and ran aground at Colaba, near Prongs Reef Lighthouse.
Who is responsible for oil spills in India?
The Indian Coast Guard is responsible for maintaining and implementing the NOS-DCP and acts as the Central Coordinating Agency for combating oil pollution in various maritime zones, except in the waters of ports and within 500m of offshore platforms, refineries and associated facilities.
How does oil spill affect human?
Studies of biomarkers have uncovered irreparable harm to humans exposed to oil and gas from spills. These effects can be grouped into respiratory damage, liver damage, decreased immunity, increased cancer risk, reproductive damage and higher levels of some toxics (hydrocarbons and heavy metals).
How does a oil spill affect the environment?
Oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the water repellency of a bird’s feathers, thus exposing these creatures to the harsh elements. Without the ability to repel water and insulate from the cold water, birds and mammals will die from hypothermia.
Who is responsible for the cleanup of oil spill Mcq?
10. Who is responsible for the clean-up of oil spill? Clarification: The CWA and the Oil Pollution Act provide federal authority to prevent, respond to and clean up an oil spill or the threat of an oil spill.
Are there any laws about oil spills?
The section 356A of the Merchant shipping act, 1958 defines the application of prevention and containment of pollution of the sea by the oil.
How do oil spills affect the economy?
Economic impacts of oil spills generally include cost of clean-up and compensation, damage to agricultural lands, fishery and wildlife. Social impact on the other hand includes community conflicts, violence and frustration which leads to militancy, reduction in tourism and hospitality industries.
How do oil spills affect the community?
Impacts to local economies and recreation: Oil spills can result in closures of beaches, parks, waterways, and recreational and commercial fisheries. There may also be restrictions on hunting and boating. As a result, local economies may be severely impacted, both in the short and long term.
How do oil spills affect humans and animals?
How does oil spill affect humans?
Are oil spills illegal?
Oil pollution is illegal, not to mention extremely harmful to the environment. So why do some ship owners and crew members still decide to pollute? It comes down to money. Modern cargo and container ships are powered by oil-based fuels and lubricants, and leaks are commonplace.
How can the government prevent oil spills?
EPA’s oil spill prevention program includes the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) and the Facility Response Plan (FRP) rules. The SPCC rule helps facilities prevent a discharge of oil into navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.
What happens to birds in an oil spill?
For seabirds, oil can sink their natural buoyancy and literally drag them into a watery grave. And the birds that try to clean themselves ingest a sticky poison that ravages their livers, lungs, and intestines. Some lucky ones, however, get away with just a few smudges.
What caused the Mumbai oil spill of 2010?
The 2010 Mumbai oil spill occurred after the Panama-flagged MV MSC Chitra (IMO: 7814838) and MV Khalijia 3 (IMO: 8128690) collided off the coast of India near Mumbai on Saturday, 7 August 2010 at around 9:50 am local time.
What is the IMO number of Mumbai oil spill?
/ 18.9051; 72.8760 / 18.9051; 72.8760 The 2010 Mumbai oil spill occurred after the Panama-flagged MV MSC Chitra (IMO: 7814838) and MV Khalijia 3 (IMO: 8128690) collided off the coast of India near Mumbai on Saturday, 7 August 2010 at around 9:50 am local time.
How will the oil spill affect the marine environment?
“The oil spill will affect fish species; many of them breed in mangroves. The chemicals sprayed to disperse the oil too would affect the marine ecology,” said B F Chhapgar, a marine biologist. “The chemical dispersants break the oil into small droplets which then settle at the bottom of the sea and affect marine life,” he explained.
How many tonnes of fuel oil did the Saudi ship spill?
The vessel contained about 1,200 tonnes of fuel oil in its tanks of which 800 tonnes spilled into the Arabian Sea before the leaks could be plugged two days later. The collision damaged Khalijia’s prows.