How was Calcutta divided by the British?
Till 1912, Calcutta was the capital of India, when the British moved the capital city to Delhi. In 1947, when India gained freedom and the country got partitioned between India and Pakistan, Calcutta was included in the Indian part of Bengal, West Bengal. Calcutta became the capital city of the state of West Bengal.
Who gave Calcutta to British?
Social and intellectual life in the 18th century. In 1772, Calcutta became the capital of British India, a decision made by Governor General Warren Hastings.
How did the British get Calcutta?
In 1698 the English obtained letters patent that granted them the privilege of purchasing the zamindari right (the right of revenue collection; in effect, the ownership) of the three villages. This area around Fort William—Calcutta—became the seat of the British province known as the Bengal Presidency.
Was Calcutta the capital of British India?
Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital.
Why did they change Calcutta to Kolkata?
Although the city’s name has always been pronounced Kolkata or Kôlikata in Bengali, the anglicised form Calcutta was the official name until 2001, when it was changed to Kolkata in order to match Bengali pronunciation.
Why did Calcutta rise under British?
Although Calcutta was setup after Surat, Madras and Bombay, Calcutta quickly grew due to be the most important city of British India due to the seat of the government and the prosperity of the surrounding region.
Why did British change capital from Calcutta to Delhi?
Delhi was inaugurated as the capital of India 86 years ago. The British government believed that ruling India from Delhi was easier and more convenient than from Calcutta. Four million British pounds was the cost of shifting the entire administration from Calcutta to Delhi.
Why did British set up their capital in Kolkata?
Answer. Answer: Calcutta was chosen as the capital as it suited them the most, British had been present in Calcutta the longest as compared to rest of India, also the East India company had in many years of their presence developed a desirable infrastructure which theBritish government needed.
Why is Delhi the Capital of India not Mumbai?
One of the main reasons that were mentioned for the capital shift was the location of Delhi. Calcutta was situated in the eastern coastal part of the country, while Delhi was located in the northern part.
Is Kolkata safe for tourists?
Kolkata is considered to be one of the safest cities in India. Women can spend quality time here freely without any hassle or risk. There are many places in Kolkata that are worth a visit for all kinds of travelers.
Why was Calcutta renamed Kolkata?
In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city’s name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation.
Who shifted the capital from Calcutta to Delhi?
King George V
However, it was 20 years later that King George V, during his visit to India, announced that New Delhi will replace Kolkata (then Calcutta) as national capital. And finally, on February 13, 1931 Lord Irwin inaugurated the new capital – New Delhi.
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Why did the British set up their capital in Kolkata?