Where is the East African Rift Valley located?
The Rift Valley, located in Eastern Africa, covers just over 2% of the continent and spreads over seven countries (Map 5 and Table 29). min. max. The Rift Valley consists of a group of independent interior basins, extending from Djibouti in the north to Tanzania in the south, nearly half being located in Ethiopia.
What countries touch the East African Rift Valley?
The EAR runs from the Afar Triple Junction in the Afar Triangle of Ethiopia through eastern Africa, terminating in Mozambique. The EAR transects through Ethiopia, Kenya, Congo DR, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Zambia, Tanzania, Malawi and Mozambique.
Where does the East African Rift Valley start and end?
East African Rift System, also called Afro-Arabian Rift Valley, one of the most extensive rifts on Earth’s surface, extending from Jordan in southwestern Asia southward through eastern Africa to Mozambique. The system is some 4,000 miles (6,400 km) long and averages 30–40 miles (48–64 km) wide.
Where does the East African Rift Valley start?
the Red Sea
It currently extends for 3500 km from the Red Sea to Mozambique and is formed from two broadly parallel main rift branches: the eastern rift which passes through Ethiopia and Kenya and the western rift, which runs in an arc from Uganda to Malawi.
In which two countries is the Great Rift Valley?
The Rift Valley, also known as the Great Rift Valley or Eastern Rift Valley, is a geological feature due to the movement of tectonic plates and mantle plumes that runs south from Jordan in southwest Asia, through East Africa and down to Mozambique in southern Africa.
What is the largest Rift Valley in the world?
The longest rift on Earth’s surface, the Great Rift Valley is a long, deep depression with steep, wall-like cliffs, extending from Jordan in southwestern Asia southward through Africa to Mozambique.
What are the 7 countries in East Africa?
Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo and South Sudan are members of the East African Community.
Which countries are in East Africa?
East African countries (19) – Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Somaliland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
What countries does the Rift Valley run through?
In Kenya, Uganda, and the fringes of South Sudan, the Great Rift runs along two separate branches that are joined to each other only at their southern end, in Southern Tanzania along its border with Zambia. The two branches are called the Western Rift Valley and the Eastern Rift Valley.
What countries does the Great Rift Valley go through?
What are 3 facts about the Great Rift Valley?
The Great Rift Valley comprises a series of geographical features that stretch from Lebanon to Mozambique. The name is used for the continuous geographic trench, mainly in the eastern part of Africa. It’s a hotbed for geology, with several volcanoes, earthquakes, hot springs, and geysers.
What is largest Rift Valley in the world?
Where is the longest Rift Valley in the world?
The largest and deepest rift valley yet discovered is not on Earth—it’s on Mars. Valles Marineris was formed millions of years ago, when the rocky Martian lithosphere was still rifting and shifting. Valles Marineris reaches depths of up to 7 kilometers (4 miles) and spans about 4,000 kilometers (2,500 miles) long.
What is the other name for the Eastern Rift Valley?
It included what today is called the Lebanese section of the Dead Sea Transform, the Jordan Rift Valley, Red Sea Rift and the East African Rift.
Why is Kenya said to be in East Africa?
Due to the historical Omani Empire and colonial territories of the British East Africa Protectorate and German East Africa, the term East Africa is often (especially in the English language) used to specifically refer to the area now comprising the three countries of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda.
What is the largest country in East Africa?
10, 1963; United Republic of Tanzania, April 27, 1964. AREA: Area: 362340 square miles. It is the largest East African country.
What is East Africa known for?
Geographically, the region is well known for its magnificent physical features. The two highest mountains in Africa are located here: Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya. The River Nile, the longest river in Africa has its source from Africa’s biggest lake, Lake Nyanza also known as Lake Victoria.
What is the most famous Rift Valley on earth?
Great Rift Valley
Great Rift Valley The most well-known rift valley on Earth is probably the so-called “Great Rift Valley System” which stretches from the Middle East in the north to Mozambique in the south. The area is geologically active, and features volcanoes, hot springs, geysers, and frequent earthquakes.
Which is the largest rift valley in the world?
Where is Africa splitting?
Summary: The African continent is slowly separating into several large and small tectonic blocks along the diverging East African Rift System, continuing to Madagascar – the long island just off the coast of Southeast Africa – that itself will also break apart into smaller islands.