What was Executive Order 12898?
FEMA considers environmental justice impacts as required by Executive Order 128981 Environmental Justice, which directs each federal agency to avoid disproportionately high and adverse human health or environmental effects on low-income and minority populations.
What were Bill Clinton’s executive orders?
Executive Orders: William Clinton Subjects
- Administrative Management, Interagency Council on: EO 13048.
- Adriatic Sea; combat zone designation: EO 13119.
- Afghanistan; blocking property and prohibiting transactions with the Taliban: EO 13129.
- Agricultural assistance, foreign: EO 13044.
What is an Executive order by the President?
Executive orders are official directives by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and do not require approval from Congress. Executive orders are numbered and required by law to be published in the Federal Register, the official record of actions of the U.S government.
How many executive orders did Bill Clinton issue?
Clinton published 12 executive orders (from EO 13186 through EO 13197).
Is Executive Order 12898 effective?
Conclusions. The results of the present study suggest that for sites discovered after the 1994 Executive Order 12898, there is even a lesser chance for Superfund listing for marginalized and poor populations. Despite legislation to ensure environmental justice, equity in Superfund listing appears to be worsening.
What was Bill Clinton’s most important executive order?
Executive Order 12953 ordered all federal agencies to take steps to ensure that their employees paid any child support they owed and permitted those agencies to garnish their employees’ wages if they did not. He even signed an executive order to help him become more efficient at administering the government!
Can a presidential executive order be overturned?
Like both legislative statutes and the regulations promulgated by government agencies, executive orders are subject to judicial review and may be overturned if the orders lack support by statute or the Constitution.
Are executive orders law?
Executive Orders state mandatory requirements for the Executive Branch, and have the effect of law. They are issued in relation to a law passed by Congress or based on powers granted to the President in the Constitution and must be consistent with those authorities.
What 2 laws were re focused in the executive order 12898?
Both the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Execu- tive Order 12898 focus on the equal treatment of individu- als, with the 1964 law laying the groundwork for the 1994 executive order, which focuses specifically on human and environmental health.
What is the federal Clean Air Act?
The Clean Air Act is the law that defines EPA’s responsibilities for protecting and improving the nation’s air quality and the stratospheric ozone layer. The last major change in the law, the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, was enacted by Congress in 1990.
What 2 laws were re focused in the Executive Order 12898?
Do States have to follow executive orders?
There is no specific provision in the United States Constitution for Executive Orders.