What term means surgical fixation of the kidney?
Nephropexy is the surgical fixation of a floating or mobile kidney (nephroptosis).
Which term means the prolapse of the kidney?
Nephroptosis is a condition in which one or both kidneys drop around 5 centimeters below their correct position in the abdomen when a person stands up.
Which of the following means hardening of the kidney?
Nephrosclerosis: A progressive disease of the kidneys that results from sclerosis (hardening) of the small blood vessels in the kidneys. Nephrosclerosis is most commonly associated with hypertension or diabetes and can lead to kidney failure.
What is anuria?
Anuria, sometimes called anuresis, refers to the lack of urine production. This can happen as a result of conditions like shock, severe blood loss and failure of your heart or kidneys. It can also be due to medications or toxins. Anuria is an emergency and can be life-threatening.
What is the meaning of nephrolithotomy?
Overview. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (per-kyoo-TAYN-ee-uhs NEF-roe-lih-THOT-uh-me) is a procedure used to remove kidney stones from the body when they can’t pass on their own.
What is the term for drooping displaced kidney?
Nephroptosis, also known as a floating kidney and renal ptosis, is a condition in which the kidney descends more than 2 vertebral bodies (or >5 cm) during a position change from supine to upright.
What causes hardening of the kidneys?
Fats, cholesterol and other substances (plaque) can build up in and on your kidney artery walls (atherosclerosis). As these deposits get larger, they can harden, reduce blood flow, cause kidney scarring and eventually narrow the artery.
What causes kidney shrinkage?
Narrowing of the artery in the kidney starves the kidney of an adequate blood supply and causes shrinkage. This is common in older people or people with a history of angina, heart attack or narrowed arteries in the legs. Narrowing of the kidney artery is known as ‘Renal Artery Stenosis’.
What is Azotaemia?
Azotemia is a biochemical abnormality, defined as elevation, or buildup of, nitrogenous products (BUN-usually ranging 7 to 21 mg/dL), creatinine in the blood, and other secondary waste products within the body.
What is the meaning of hydronephrosis?
Listen to pronunciation. (HY-droh-neh-FROH-sis) Abnormal enlargement of a kidney, which may be caused by blockage of the ureter (such as by a kidney stone) or chronic kidney disease that prevents urine from draining into the bladder.
What will a urologist do for hydronephrosis?
If the hydronephrosis is acute or sudden, a stent or soft tube (nephrostomy tube) may be inserted through the skin into the kidney to drain off excess urine. A soft plastic tube called a ureteral stent may be placed between the kidney and bladder by a urologist during a cystoscopy to drain excess fluids.
What is the best treatment for hydronephrosis?
Hydronephrosis is usually treated by addressing the underlying disease or cause, such as a kidney stone or infection. Some cases can be resolved without surgery. Infections can be treated with antibiotics. A kidney stone can pass through by itself or might be severe enough to require removal with surgery.
What is a floppy kidney?
How serious is renal stenosis?
Sometimes fluids can build up in your lungs, a condition called flash pulmonary edema. Over time, renal artery stenosis can also damage kidney tissues. This can lead to kidney failure in severe cases and may require a kidney transplant.
Can shrunken kidney be cured?
But it’s not a cure. You’ll need to have dialysis several times a week for the rest of your life or until you get a kidney transplant. You can receive a healthy kidney from a living or a deceased donor. The wait for a suitable kidney can take years, though.
Can you live with kidney atrophy?
Once a kidney has “shriveled” or atrophied, there is nothing that can be done to recover from that atrophy. There is no diet or exercise that will reverse this condition.