What is the use of sodium hypochlorite?
Sodium hypochlorite, commonly known as bleach, is most frequently used as a disinfecting agent. It is a broad-spectrum disinfectant that is effective for the disinfection of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and mycobacterium.
What is the chemical name for the formula NaClO?
Sodium hypochlorite (commonly known in a dilute solution as bleach) is a chemical compound with the formula NaOCl or NaClO, comprising a sodium cation (Na+) and a hypochlorite anion (OCl−or ClO−). It may also be viewed as the sodium salt of hypochlorous acid.
Is sodium hypochlorite the same as bleach?
Sodium hypochlorite, commonly referred to as bleach, has a variety of uses and is an excellent disinfectant/antimicrobial agent.
How do you use 5% sodium hypochlorite?
Sodium hypochlorite: concentration and use: Recommended dilution 1:100 dilution of 5% sodium hypochlorite is the usual recommendation. Use 1 part bleach to 99 parts cold tap water (1:100 dilution) for disinfection of surfaces.
Why hypochlorite is used in water treatment?
Hypochlorite solutions (HSs) are widely used as disinfectants in drinking water production for their oxidizing capabilities and their ability to maintain a residual level of disinfectant throughout the water distribution system (Asami et al.
Is sodium hypochlorite chlorine?
Sodium hypochlorite Sodium hypochlorite is chlorine gas dissolved in sodium hydroxide. This is essentially household bleach. Sodium hypochlorite is a disinfectant that is liquid at room temperature and can be dosed with chemical feed pumps.
How do you write hypochlorite formula?
ClO⁻Hypochlorite / Formula
Is sodium hypochlorite safe for drinking water?
Oxidation reactions are corrosive, and solutions burn skin. In addition, chlorination of drinking water with sodium hypochlorite can oxidize organic contaminants, producing trihalomethanes, which are considered carcinogenic and are subject to regulation.
Can we use sodium hypochlorite in drinking water?
Disinfectants Sodium hypochlorite. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is a compound that can be effectively used for water purification.
How long does sodium hypochlorite last?
Sodium hypochlorite is highly reactive and volatile. At normal pH (6-8), sodium hypochlorite can degrade substantially within 2-3 weeks.
How is sodium hypochlorite solution used in hospitals?
Dakin’s solution is used to prevent and treat skin and tissue infections that could result from cuts, scrapes and pressure sores. It is also used before and after surgery to prevent surgical wound infections.
How do you make a 5% sodium hypochlorite solution?
Prepare 5% sodium hypochlorite from 10% sodium hypochlorite , Take 50 ml 0f 10% solution and dilute it to 100 ml water which will give 5% sodium hypochlorite solution.
Is chlorine a hypochlorite?
What is the strongest bleach I can buy?
The strongest bleach is Clorox Regular Bleach2, which is the best bleach for cleaning, stain removal, and whitening. It’s the only bleach that can be used around the house to clean and purify a wide variety of surfaces.
How do you make a 1 percent hypochlorite solution?
Preparation and Use of 1% Chlorine Solution to Disinfect Water. Notes: 1 tablespoon = 10 ml or 15 g; 1 glass = 250 ml. A 1% solution contains 10 g of chlorine per litre = 10 000 mg/litre or 10 000 ppm (parts per million).