## What are distinguishable particles in statistical mechanics?

(Two particles are said to be distinguishable if they are either non-identical, that is, if they have different properties, or if they are identical and there are microstates which change under transposition of the two particles.)

**In which statistics particles are distinguishable?**

Classical statistics in the system are considered distinguishable. This means that individual particles in a system can be tracked.

### What are distinguishable and indistinguishable particles in statistical mechanics?

If they are distinguishable (Like a helium-3 atom and a helium-4 atom), then you can switch their positions and the system changes. If they are indistinguishable (Like two protons), switching the two particles’ positions makes no physical change because we do not know whether particles switched at all.

**Which probability function particles are distinguishable?**

The Energy Distribution Function

Identical but distinguishable particles. | Identical indistinguishable particles with integer spin (bosons). |

Examples: Molecular speed distribution | Examples: Thermal radiation Specific heat |

## What are distinguishable and indistinguishable states in automata?

Definition 1 (Distinguishable by a language). Let x, y be strings and L be a language over the same alphabet Σ. x, y are said to be distinguishable by L if z Σ such that xz L and yz / L or vice versa. lso, if x and y are not distinguishable by L, they are said to be indistinguishable by L.

**Why classical particles are distinguishable?**

Classical particles are distinguishable objects, individuated by physical characteristics. By contrast, in quantum mechanics the standard view is that particles of the same kind (“identical particles”) are in all circumstances indistinguishable from each other.

### What does distinguish particles mean?

Distinguishing between particles The first method relies on differences in the intrinsic physical properties of the particles, such as mass, electric charge, and spin. If differences exist, it is possible to distinguish between the particles by measuring the relevant properties.

**Why are Maxwell Boltzmann statistics applied to distinguishable particles?**

Maxwell–Boltzmann statistics is often described as the statistics of “distinguishable” classical particles. In other words, the configuration of particle A in state 1 and particle B in state 2 is different from the case in which particle B is in state 1 and particle A is in state 2.

## What are distinguishable and indistinguishable states?

Definition 1 (Distinguishable by a language). Let x, y be strings and L be a language over the same alphabet Σ. x, y are said to be distinguishable by L if z Σ such that xz L and yz / L or vice versa. lso, if x and y are not distinguishable by L, they are said to be indistinguishable by L. This is denoted by x L y.

**What are distinguishable states?**

Two states are distinguishable, if there is at least one string S, such that one of δ (X, S) and δ (Y, S) is accepting and another is not accepting. Hence, a DFA is minimal if and only if all the states are distinguishable.

### What are non distinguishable states?

Nondistinguishable states are those that cannot be distinguished from one another for any input string. These states can be merged.

**What are distinguishable and indistinguishable States?**

## Are photons distinguishable?

Of course, the photons are distinguishable because they emit different colors. The researchers use the source of this natural difference—the local electric field—as a knob that changes the dye molecule’s emitted wavelength.

**In which statistics particles are assumed to be distinguishable and only particles are taken into consideration?**

Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics is applicable for identical, but distinguishable particles.

### For which kind of particles Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics is applicable identical and distinguishable?

classical particles

Maxwell–Boltzmann statistics is often described as the statistics of “distinguishable” classical particles. In other words, the configuration of particle A in state 1 and particle B in state 2 is different from the case in which particle B is in state 1 and particle A is in state 2.

**What is a distinguishable sequence?**

An input sequence \alpha is a distinguishing sequence (also called a separating sequence for nondeterministic FSMs) for FSM S if the sets of output responses to this input sequence at any two different states of S do not intersect. The set of all distinguishing sequences of S is denoted L_{dist}(S).

## What is distinguishable state?

**Why are classical particles distinguishable?**

### Are electrons distinguishable?

okay one electron can have spin up and one can have spin down, but this property is not lorentz invariant, and so this property is not qualified to distinguish. that means all electrons are not distinguishable, although they might have different quantum numbers (like spin, or impulse)?

**Why are Maxwell-Boltzmann statistics applied to distinguishable particles?**