Is the EU elitist?
the EU is elitist and lacks democratic legitimacy and transparency; the EU is too bureaucratic and wasteful; it encourages high levels of immigration; it is a neoliberal organisation serving the big business elite at the expense of the working class.
Who coined the term democratic deficit?
The phrase democratic deficit is cited as first being used by the Young European Federalists in their Manifesto in 1977, which was drafted by Richard Corbett. The phrase was also used by David Marquand in 1979, referring to the then European Economic Community, the forerunner of the European Union.
What is the Copenhagen criteria for EU?
The Copenhagen criteria are the rules that define whether a country is eligible to join the European Union. The criteria require that a state has the institutions to preserve democratic governance and human rights, has a functioning market economy, and accepts the obligations and intent of the European Union.
What is Maastricht Treaty Class 12?
Answer: ‘The Treaty of Maastricht’ was signed on 7th February 1992, establishing the European Union (EU) and laid the foundation for common foreign and security policy, cooperation and justice, home affairs and the creation of a single currency.
What is the least practiced religion in Europe?
What is a personalist dictatorship?
Personalist dictatorships are regimes in which all power lies in the hands of a single individual. Personalist dictatorships differ from other forms of dictatorships in their access to key political positions, other fruits of office, and depend much more on the discretion of the personalist dictator.
What is an example of a hybrid regime?
Russia was once regarded as a hybrid regime, but has since shifted into authoritarianism since the 2010s. The political system of Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China, has also been described as a hybrid regime.
What are the 4 requirements of the Copenhagen criteria?
What is the Copenhagen Criteria?
- Stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities.
- The existence of a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the union.
Why can’t Turkey join the EU?
Since 2016, accession negotiations have stalled. The EU has accused and criticized Turkey for human rights violations and deficits in rule of law. In 2017, EU officials expressed that planned Turkish policies violate the Copenhagen criteria of eligibility for an EU membership.
What was the main purpose of Maastricht Treaty?
The Treaty established a common foreign and security policy with the aim of “safeguarding the common values, fundamental interests and independence of the Union”. The Treaty developed close cooperation on justice and home affairs to ensure the safety and security of European citizens.